Literacy will come naturally. Say young Billy is finally interested in writing a few stories. OK, the first will be about his pet hamster, Pugs. This is a natural progression.
Something very familiar will be the subject matter and there will not be too much straying beyond the limits of the home.
The initial story will likely be quite boring. Pugs ran on his wheel, he drank some water, he hid under the sawdust. Great, Billy's on his way.
Given that Billy got this far, just ask him a few questions? Like why does Pugs run on the wheel several times a day? Or does Pugs need to go under the sawdust to sleep?
Now, see if Billy cares to answer these questions. Would he be willing to re-write the story if he got some answers? If he would, point him to some nature sites or other information resources to learn more about hamsters.
Let him wander in the pictures and reference, and then
remind him of why he went there. Remind him of his story.
If Billy got really caught up in the material and excelled in his research, don't worry about the story for now. He's on the right road.
It's pretty well guaranteed that Billy will soon be reading far more than he will write.
We just used writing to obtain our end result.
Now let's separate the literacy varieties into:
And when in doubt about the meaning of words or phrases, check out